|The Eightfold Noble's Path|
|The Four Factors|
The Eightfold Noble Path - RIGHT SPEECH
The Buddha continued in the Maha-cattarisaka Sutta,
"Of those, right view is the forerunner. And how is right view the forerunner? One discerns wrong speech as wrong speech, and right speech as right speech. And what is wrong speech? Lying, divisive tale-bearing, abusive speech, & idle chatter. This is wrong speech."
Again, right view is practiced first, and here the Buddha points out the four wrong speeches that one should abstain from and avoid.
"And what is right speech? Right speech, I tell you, is of two sorts: There is right speech with fermentations, siding with merit, resulting in the acquisitions [of becoming]; and there is noble right speech, without fermentations, transcendent, a factor of the path."
Again, there is the mundane right speech and the supramundane right speech.
"And what is the right speech that has fermentations, sides with merit, & results in acquisitions? Abstaining from lying, from divisive tale-bearing, from abusive speech, & from idle chatter. This is the right speech that has fermentations, sides with merit, & results in acquisitions."
Here the Buddha points out that by abstaining from wrong speech, one achieves the mundane factor of right speech.
"And what is the right speech that is without fermentations, transcendent, a factor of the path? The abstaining, desisting, abstinence, avoidance of the four forms of verbal misconduct in one developing the noble path whose mind is noble, whose mind is without fermentations, who is fully possessed of the noble path. This is the right speech that is without fermentations, transcendent, a factor of the path."
When the mundane Eightfold Noble Path matures, the supramundane Path will appear, which is free from bondages and attachments.
"One tries to abandon wrong speech & to enter into right speech: This is one's right effort. One is mindful to abandon wrong speech & to enter & remain in right speech: This is one's right mindfulness. Thus these three qualities -- right view, right effort, & right mindfulness -- run & circle around right speech."
Here the Buddha explains how the three factors run and circle around right speech on the Path.